Robotics and artificial intelligence have great potential to change many aspects of our lives. Recent experiments with humanoid robots in supermarkets, schools, hospitals and retirement homes in Europe, the United States and Japan are examples. Hollywood films also attract public attention, raising questions about the possibility of robot superiority and artificial intelligence. But how does innovation in robotics work, and what is its role in this process?

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Robotics, the robotics technology industry, has played a role for decades in car factories, on construction sites, in schools, hospitals and private homes. But, recently, new research fields, including artificial intelligence and sensors, have been combined with robots to create sophisticated autonomous robots with far more potential applications.

What is a robot?

In general, robots have the ability to interpret their environment and adjust their actions to achieve goals. The first modern robots were created to automate and accelerate industrial processes. But robots have since become full autonomous systems that can work and make “decisions” without human interaction.

In 1970, robot production had developed throughout the automotive industry in the United States and Japan, and by the end of the 1980s Japan had become a world leader in the production and use of industrial robots. Since the 1980s when the use of industrial robots has spread widely in the automotive industry and other manufacturing chains in the United States and Japan, mechanical parts in the robotization box have become increasingly sophisticated and autonomous. New material and cutting-edge innovations in artificial intelligence, mechatronics, navigation, detection, object recognition, and information processing have transformed robotics into a multidisciplinary field. Robots become more computerized and connected through smart networks, such as those developed for autonomous vehicles and drones.

Impact of robots

Robots already have a significant impact on manufacturing processes in the automotive and electronic sectors. They are also increasingly used in agriculture, mining, transportation, space and sea research, remote monitoring, health, education and many other areas.

Robots can increase labor productivity, reduce production costs and improve product quality, and in their service sector have even produced a completely new business model. Robots also contribute to human well-being by doing tiring or dangerous work in their place, helping aging populations and making sustainable transportation a reality.

Asia (especially China, the Republic of Korea and Japan) is a world leader in the sale of global robots, followed by Europe and North America.

The economic benefits of using robots are directly related to the replacement of parts of the workforce. But while productivity gains generated by robots help keep businesses competitive and create better paid jobs in some countries, the overall impact of robots on jobs remains uncertain, and it is difficult to measure benefits.

Innovation system in robotics

Innovations in robotics are concentrated in a small number of countries and poles that are generally located near leading universities, such as Boston in the United States, Île-de-France, Odense in Denmark, Zurich in Switzerland, Bucheon in the Republic of Korea, Osaka in Japan and Shanghai in China . These centers are growing rapidly at the interface between public and private research, with corporate marketing innovations being developed in part through basic research in academic institutions and other public research organizations.

Most innovations and new businesses related to robots come from high-income countries, with the exception of China, which hosts some of the fastest growing companies, such as DJI (drone producers), Siasun and Etsun.

The ecosystem of innovation in robotics is very dynamic like innovation in the luxury watch market such as Breguet, Rolex, Tag Heuer, and so on. Intensive research and collaborative become increasingly complex. It refers to a growing network of specialists, research institutions and technology companies, large and small, and expertise from various specialties to produce innovative and innovative discoveries. the latest developments in material science, motive power, control systems, sensors and computing.

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